We will be explaining you verb forms with the help of the verb ‘eat’.
Subject = S; Object = O; Verb = V
In our example:
V = Eat; V1 = Eat ('Eats' for third person singular); V2 = Ate; V3 = Eaten
1. Simple Present Tense: To express habits, general truths, repeated actions. To express fixed arrangements, present or future.
Example: I eat spinach every day. (मैं रोज़ पालक खाता हूँ)
Structure: S - V1 - O
Add - s/ - es for third person singular
For example: She eats spinach every day.
2. Present Continuous Tense: Action taking place in the moment of speaking
I am eating spinach. (मैं पालक खा रहा हूँ. )
Structure: S - ‘am/is/are’ - (V - ing) - O
3. Present Perfect Tense: used to indicate a link between the present and the past. The time of the action is before now but not specified, and we are often more interested in the result than in the action itself.
Example: I have eaten all of the spinach. (मैंने सारा पालक खा लिया है. )
Structure: S - ‘has/have’ - V3 - O
4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense: refers to an unspecified time between 'before now' and 'now'.
Example: I have been eating spinach since morning. (मैं सुबह से पालक खा रहा हूँ. )
Structure: S - ‘have/has been’ - (V - ing) - O
1. Simple Past Tense: To indicate past habit –
or an action that has already been completed.
Example: I ate spinach yesterday. (मैंने कल पालक खाया था)
Structure: S - V2 - O
2. Past Continuous Tense: To indicate uncompleted action of the past.
Example: I was eating spinach. (मैं पालक खा रहा था)
Structure: S - ‘was/were’ - (V - ing) - O
3. Past Perfect Tense: It is used to make it clear that one event happened before another in the past.
Example: I had eaten the spinach by the time she arrived. (जब वो आई मैं पालक खा चुका था. )
Structure: S - ‘had’ - V3 - O
4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense: to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past.
Example: I had been eating spinach when she arrived. (जब वह आई तब तक मैं पालक खाता आ रहा था)
Structure: S - ‘had been’ - (V - ing) - O
1. Simple Future Tense: To indicate an action or condition that hasn’t happened yet.
Example: I will eat spinach tomorrow. (मैं कल पालक खाऊँगा. )
Structure: S - will - V - O
2. Future Continuous Tense: To indicate what will be going on sometime in future
Example: I will be eating spinach. (मैं पालक खा रहा होऊँगा. )
Structure: S - will be - (V - ing) - O
3. Future Perfect Tense: To indicate an action that will be complete before another event takes place.
Example: I will have eaten the spinach by the time you arrive. (जब तक आप आओगे मैं पालक खा चुका होऊँगा. )
Structure: S - ‘will have’ - V3 - O
4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense: It refers to events or actions in a time between now and some future time are unfinished. It is most often used with a time expression.
Example: I will have been eating spinach for over an hour by the time she arrives. (जब तक वह आएगी मैं एक घंटे से पालक खा रहा होऊँगा)
Structure: S - ‘will have been’ - (V - ing) - O
For detailed explanation on tenses, press the back button on your phone and go to the "Articles" in the "Practice" section of the App.
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