We will be explaining you verb forms with the help of the verb ‘eat’.
Subject = S; Object = O; Verb = V
In our example:
V = Eat; V1 = Eat ('Eats' for third person singular); V2 = Ate; V3 = Eaten
1. Simple Present Tense: To express habits, general truths, repeated actions. To express fixed arrangements, present or future.
Example: I eat spinach every day.
Structure: S - V1 - O
Add - s/ - es for third person singular
For example: She eats spinach every day.
2. Present Continuous Tense: Action taking place in the moment of speaking
I am eating spinach.
Structure: S - ‘am/is/are’ - (V - ing) - O
3. Present Perfect Tense: used to indicate a link between the present and the past. The time of the action is before now but not specified, and we are often more interested in the result than in the action itself.
Example: I have eaten all of the spinach.
Structure: S - ‘has/have’ - V3 - O
4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense: refers to an unspecified time between 'before now' and 'now'.
Example: I have been eating spinach since morning.
Structure: S - ‘have/has been’ - (V - ing) - O
1. Simple Past Tense: To indicate past habit –
or an action that has already been completed.
Example: I ate spinach yesterday.
Structure: S - V2 - O
2. Past Continuous Tense: To indicate uncompleted action of the past.
Example: I was eating spinach.
Structure: S - ‘was/were’ - (V - ing) - O
3. Past Perfect Tense: It is used to make it clear that one event happened before another in the past.
Example: I had eaten the spinach by the time she arrived.
Structure: S - ‘had’ - V3 - O
4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense: to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past.
Example: I had been eating spinach when she arrived.
Structure: S - ‘had been’ - (V - ing) - O
1. Simple Future Tense: To indicate an action or condition that hasn’t happened yet.
Example: I will eat spinach tomorrow. Structure: S - will - V - O
2. Future Continuous Tense: To indicate what will be going on sometime in future
Example: I will be eating spinach.
Structure: S - will be - (V - ing) - O
3. Future Perfect Tense: To indicate an action that will be complete before another event takes place.
Example: I will have eaten the spinach by the time you arrive.
Structure: S - ‘will have’ - V3 - O
4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense: It refers to events or actions in a time between now and some future time are unfinished. It is most often used with a time expression.
Example: I will have been eating spinach for over an hour by the time she arrives.
Structure: S - ‘will have been’ - (V - ing) - O
For detailed explanation on tenses, press the back button on your phone and go to the "Articles" in the "Practice" section of the App.
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