Degrees of Adjectives: Positive and Comparative Degree
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Lesson 360
Degrees of Adjectives: Positive and Comparative Degree
An adjective is a word that modifies (gives more information about) a noun or pronoun.
E.g. 'Tall' man, 'old' house, 'red' car.
Degrees of adjectives

'An adjective' can exist in three forms – Positive, Comparative and Superlative.

(i) The positive form is the base form of the adjective. It denotes the mere existence of a quality.

(ii) The comparative form expresses a higher degree of some quality.

(iii) The superlative form expresses the highest degree.
Irregular Adjectives A small number of adjectives are irregular in the way they make comparative and superlative forms.
The normal (regular) way to make comparative and superlative adjectives is to add -er/-est or use more/most, like this:
big → bigger → biggest
expensive → more expensive → most expensive

Irregular adjectives use completely different forms.
Note, however, that some adjectives can be both regular and irregular, sometimes with a slight change in meaning.
Regular Adjectives
Regular adjectives are simple. They describe nouns and usually come right before those nouns.
E.g. Big bus,
Tiny mouse,
Pleasing person
Positive Comparative Superlative
Sad Sadder Saddest
Happy Happier Happiest
Unusual More unusual Most unusual
Good Better Best
The comparative form is used to compare two people or things:
Look at these examples:

(i) Neptune is big. It’s 'bigger' than Earth.
(ii)This puzzle is easy. It is 'easier' than the last one.
(iii) The film was not interesting. The book was 'more interesting' than the film.

In the above examples: 'bigger', 'easier' and 'more interesting' are comparative adjectives.
I] We use 'comparative adjectives' to
describe people and things:

i) This house is certainly 'better', but it’s much 'more expensive'. (Here although it hasn't been mentioned, but it is clear that 'this house' is being compared to 'a set of other houses')
ii) I’m feeling 'happier' now. (I am feeling happier than how I was feeling before)
iii) We need a 'bigger' garden. (We need a bigger garden than our current garden)
II] To compare two different things:
We use 'than' when we want to compare one thing with 'another':
E.g. 1: Nina is two years older 'than' her sister.
E.g. 2: New York is much bigger 'than' Dallas.

Remember, although we use 'comparative adjectives' when talking about 'two things' (not three or more things), in fact, one or both of these things may be a group of things.

E.g. Mount Everest is higher than all other mountains. ('All other mountains' is a group here.)
Pick the correct option:
In India, May is ______
Pick the correct option:
Ann is ______
good looking
good more looking
better looking
Pick the correct option:
This building is ______
tall than
tallest than
the tallest
Pick the correct option:
Life in the desert is ______
as dreary as
the dreariest
When we want to describe 'how something or someone changes' we can use two comparatives with 'and':

E.g. i) The ulcer got 'bigger and bigger'.
ii) Everything is getting 'more and more' expensive.
iii) Aunt Mary is looking 'older and older'.
We often use 'the' with comparative adjectives to show that one thing depends on another:

E.g. When you work hard it is more rewarding –> (The harder you work, the more rewarding it is).

E.g. When they climbed higher it got colder –> (The higher they climbed, the colder it got).
When we compare two objects, persons, qualities, degrees etc., we may use the comparison of equality.

This is formed by the use of:

'as + adjective / adverb + as'
(Your house is as large as mine.)
Adjective type Adjective Comparative
Short adjective (one syllable) Old, long Older, longer
Adjectives ending in one vowel + one consonant Big, hot Bigger, hotter
Two– syllable adjectives ending in –y Ugly, noisy, messy Uglier, noisier, messier
Longer adjective(with two or more syllables) Careful, expensive, beautiful More careful, more expensive, more beautiful
With some two syllable adjective both –er and –est endings and more/most are possible Polite, common More polite, politer, more common, commoner
With some two syllable adjectives only an –er and –est ending is possible Narrow, simple, clever Narrower, simpler, cleverer
Pick the correct option:
No other country sells ______
as many
Pick the correct option:
Chinese is ______
Pick the correct option:
I think her grandfather must be ______
'Pick the correct option:' ;
The faster you drive, the more dangerous it is.
The faster you drive, more dangerous it is.
The fast you drive, the more dangerous it is.
Fast you drive, the more dangerous it is.
Pick the correct option:
How is your mother today? Is she any ______
Pick the correct option:
I think you require a ______
more nutritious.
most nutritious
Pick the correct option:
She is ______
as pretty as
more pretty as
as pretty like
as prettier as
Pick the correct option:
The more he read, the ______
less he understood
least he understood
'As he grew older he became wiser.' can also be written as:;
The older he grew, the wiser he became
The wiser he became, the older he grew
He is as old as how wise he is
He is wiser than how old he is
Pick the correct option:
Iron is ______
more useful
most useful
the more useful
Pick the correct option:
He doesn't know much. I know ______
much than he does
more than he does
more than he
Pick the correct option:
I think she is still ill. She looks even ______
Pick the correct option:
The pages in this book are whiter than ______
that book
Pick the correct option:
My shoes are prettier than ______
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