Subject and Predicate
try Again
Lesson 379
Subject and Predicate
When we make a sentence,
(1) we name a person or thing; and
(2) say something about that person or thing.

Hence, every sentence has two parts:
(1) The part which names the person or thing that we are speaking about. This is called the 'Subject' of the sentence.
(2) The part which tells something about the 'Subject'. This is called the 'Predicate' of the sentence.

The Subject of a sentence usually comes first, but occasionally it is put after the Predicate.
i) Here comes the bus. (Subject is the bus)
ii) Sweet are the uses of adversity. (Subject is the adversity)

In imperative sentences, the 'Subject' is often left out;
E.g. Sit down. [Here the Subject, 'You', is understood].
Thank him. [Here the Subject, 'You', is understood.]
Identify the predicate in this sentence: 'The cackling of geese saved Rome.'
The cackling of geese
saved Rome
Identify the predicate: 'The boy stood on the burning deck.'
Stood on the burning deck
The boy
A predicate is the completer of a sentence. The subject names the \'do-er\' or \'be-er\' of the sentence; the predicate does the rest of the work. A simple predicate consists of only a verb, verb string, or compound verb.
E.g. The glacier melted.
Identify the subject in this sentence: 'Bad habits grow unconsciously.'
grow unconsciously
Bad habits
Form a sentence using these words: 'Nature, is, the, best, physician, natural' ;
The natural physician is best nature.
The physician is best natural nature.
Nature is the best natural physician.
The best physician is natural nature.
Identify the subject: 'We cannot pump the ocean dry.'
The ocean
Identify the predicate: 'A barking sound the shepherd hears.'
A barking sound, hears
The shepherd
'Next week 'my grandmother' is coming from Korea. ' Identify what part of the sentence does 'my grandmother' belong to.
Identify the part in [ ] as Subject or Predicate: '[Sitting on the roof of my house] was a huge black bird. '
Identify the part in [ ] as Subject or Predicate: 'On the way from school to Frankfurt yesterday afternoon [bus number 21] crashed into a parked car.'
Compound Subjects and Predicates

A compound subject is when two or more separate subjects take the same predicate or group of predicates. A compound predicate is a when a subject or group of subjects take two or more predicates.

E.g. (i) Mira and I played a game.
In this sentence, the predicate is played. So we ask ourselves, \'Who played?\'. Of course, both Mira and I played, so the clause has two subjects or a compound subject.

(ii)I went home and studied.
What is the verb in the above sentence? You might notice that there are two: went and studied. Since the subject, 'I', takes both of these predicates, the clause has a compound predicate.
Identify the subject: 'On Saturday mornings, my friends and I play football in the park.'
My friends and I
Identify the Subject in this sentence: 'Occasionally, the predicate comes before the subject.'
The predicate
The subject
Identify the subject: 'A guilty conscience needs no excuse.'
No excuse
A guilty conscience
Identify the subject: 'No man can serve two masters.'
Two masters
No man
Identify the subject: 'Borrowed garments never fit well.'
never fit well
Borrowed garments
Identify the predicate: 'The early bird catches the worm.'
catches the worm
The early bird
Identify the subject: Edison invented the phonograph.
The phonograph
अगला शब्द