Degrees of Adjectives: Superlative Degree
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 Lesson 380 Degrees of Adjectives: Superlative Degree
Consejo
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In the last lesson we learned that we use 'comparative adjectives' to compare two things.
E.g. Samsung devices are easier to use than Micromax devices.

A superlative adjective expresses the extreme or highest degree of a quality. We use a superlative adjective to describe the extreme quality of one thing in a group of things. E.g. Samsung devices are the easiest to use.

We use a superlative adjective to describe one thing in a group of three or more things.
Look at these examples:
i) Canada, China and Russia are big countries. But, Russia is the biggest.
ii) Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
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Consejo
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Formation of Superlative Adjectives

As with comparative adjectives, there are two ways to form a superlative adjective:
ii) Long Adjectives: use \'most\'

Remember – We usually add 'the' at the beginning.
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Rules for creating superlative adjectives

i) Single syllabic words – add “est” to the word.
E.g. Strong to Strongest.

Remember
that it is sometimes necessary to double the final consonant.
Typically, if the word is a single syllabic words ending with consonant sound, double the last consonant.
E.g. Big to Biggest.

ii) Single syllabic words ending with an 'e' – only add 'st'.
E.g. Fine to Finest or Rare to Rarest.

iii) Double syllabic words ending with 'y' – change the 'y' to an 'i' and add 'est'.
E.g. Crazy to Craziest and Silly to Silliest.

iv) Two/Three syllabic words – use 'most' or 'least'.
Examples include 'most desirable' and 'least expensive'.
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Consejo
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With some 2–syllable adjectives, we can use both \'–est\' OR \'most\'

E.g.
Quiet → the quietest/most quiet,
Clever → the cleverest/most clever,
Common → the commonest/ most common
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When we compare one thing with itself, we do not use 'the'.
E.g. i) England is the coldest country in the world.
(England is being compared to other countries, hence a 'the' has been added before 'coldest)

However, England is coldest in winter. (Not the coldest, because here, England is being compared to itself)

E.g. ii) My boss is most generous when we get a big order. (not the most generous, because here, we're comparing the 'boss's behavior when he gets a big order' with 'his behavior in other situations')
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'There are some adjectives that have irregular forms, meaning that the superlatives can’t be formed by adding the suffix'^~^'typefacestyle'
 Good the best Little the least Bad the worst Far the further/the farthest
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 He is the most good soccer player in England.
 He is the best soccer player in England.
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 Falling is the worse thing that could ever happen to a sprinter.
 Falling is the worst thing that could ever happen to a sprinter.
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 For me, he is the most fast man in the world.
 For me, he is the fastest man in the world.
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 Your son is the most cleverest kid I have ever met.
 Your son is the cleverest kid I have ever met.
Pick the correct option:
Don't you think it's ______
 the valuablest
Pick the correct option:
It is said to be ______
 the trickyest
 the most trickyest
 the trickiest
 the most trickiest
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 Lily is the happiest when she has a holiday.
 Lily is happiest when she has a holiday
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 She has always been most efficient of all my secretaries.
 She has always been the most efficient of all my secretaries.
Pick the correct option:
He lives ______
 farther
Pick the correct option:
Which of the three supermarkets do you think has ______
 the widest
 the most wide
 wider
Pick the correct option:
I chose this car as my favorite because it's ______
 the fastest of
 more faster as
 more faster than
Pick the correct option:
She wakes up ______
 the earlier
Pick the correct option:
Which juice is ______
 the most
 more
 most
Pick the correct option:
The book is ______
 the most
 most
 the more
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 That suitcase is lightest.
 That suitcase is the lightest.
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 I wake up earliest on Mondays as I have yoga classes.
 I wake up the earliest on Mondays as I have yoga classes.
Pick the correct option:
Why are you wearing such ______
 old
 older
 oldest
Pick the correct option:
Have you heard the ______
 latest
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Take a look at these very short sentences:
i) He is tall.
ii) He is dead.

They both contain adjectives: tall and dead.

Tall can be used in comparative sentences:
E.g. He is taller than I am.

Dead can NOT be used in comparative sentences:
E.g. He is deader than I am.
You are either 'dead' or not; you can not be 'dead-er' or 'more dead' than someone.
Dead is therefore an example of an absolute adjective - adjectives that can not take a comparative or superlative ('dead-est') form.

Another example of an absolute adjective is 'unique' because it means 'one of a kind' and, therefore, it can not be 'more unique' than something. It's either 'unique' or it isn't. Similarly perfect, essential and healthy can also be termed as absolute adjectives.
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Pick the correct option:
Dinosaurs are ______
 extinct
 most extinct
 more extinct
Pick the correct option:
I am going to buy the ______
 the latest
 the most latest
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