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Lesson 415
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The Roman Empire was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by a government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
'Around which sea did the Roman Empire have its holding?' Choose the correct answer.
Caribbean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
The first two centuries of the Empire's existence were a period of unprecedented political stability and prosperity known as the Pax Romana, or \'Roman Peace\'.
The Roman Empire was among the most powerful economic, cultural, political and military forces in the world of its time.
It was the largest empire of the classical antiquity period, and one of the largest empires in world history.
'What were the first two centuries of the Empire's existence known as?' Choose the correct answer.
Pax Romana
Romana Pass
'The Roman Empire was the largest of which time?' Choose the correct answer.
Neo Classical Period
Classical Antiquity Period
City planning and urban lifestyles had been influenced by the Greeks from an early period.
In the eastern Empire, Roman rule accelerated and shaped the local development of cities that already had a strong Hellenistic character.
Cities such as Athens, Aphrodisias, Ephesus and Gerasa altered some aspects of city planning and architecture to conform to imperial ideals, while also expressing their individual identity.
'Who influenced the city planning and urban lifestyles of the Romans?' Choose the correct answer.
The French
The Greeks
'Which city altered its planning to conform to imperial ideas?' Choose the correct answer.
In the city of Rome, most people lived in multistorey apartment buildings that were often squalid firetraps. Public facilities—such as baths, toilets that were flushed with running water, conveniently located basins or elaborate fountains delivering fresh water, and large-scale entertainments such as chariot races and gladiator combat—were aimed primarily at the common people who lived in the city.
'What were most apartment buildings called?' Choose the correct answer.
Squalid Firetraps
Gladiator Facilities
'Who used the baths, toilets, basins, and fountains?' Choose the correct answer.
The wealthy
The common people
The public baths served hygienic, social and cultural functions. Bathing was the focus of daily socializing in the late afternoon before dinner.
Baths had hypocaust heating where the floors were suspended over hot-air channels that circulated warmth.
Mixed nude bathing was not unusual in the early Empire, though some baths may have offered separate facilities or hours for men and women.
Public baths were a part of urban culture throughout the provinces.
'Bathing was the focus of daily socializing ______.' Choose the correct answer.
during early mornings
during late afternoons
'What are Hypocaust baths?' Choose the correct answer.
Heated Baths
Cold Baths
Rich families from Rome usually had two or more houses, a townhouse and at least one luxury home outside the city.
The domus was a privately owned single-family house, and might be furnished with a private bath, but it was not a place to retreat from public life.
Although some neighborhoods of Rome show a higher concentration of well-to-do houses, the rich did not live in segregated enclaves.
Their houses were meant to be visible and accessible.
'What was a privately owned single-family house called?' Choose the correct answer.
'Did the rich live in segregated enclaves?' Choose the correct answer.
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