The plant body consists of two basic parts: the shoot system and the root system.
- The shoot system includes organs such as leaves, buds, stems, flowers, and fruits and usually it develops above ground.
1. Stamens, and Carpel: the male fertilizing organ of a flower, typically consisting of a pollen - containing anther and a filament. Carpel the female reproductive organ of a flower, consisting of an ovary, a stigma, and usually a style.
2. Apical bud: The bud located at the top of the plant.
3. Node: the part of a plant stem from which one or more leaves emerge, often forming a slight swelling.
4. Internode: a part of a plant stem between two of the nodes from which leaves emerge.
5. Axillary bud: A bud that grows from the axil of a leaf and may develop into a branch or flower cluster.
7. Blade: the broad, thin part of a leaf apart from the stalk.
8. Petiole: the stalk that joins a leaf to a stem.
- The root system of a plant constantly provides the stems and leaves with water and dissolved minerals. In order to accomplish this the roots must grow into new regions of the soil.
9. Taproot: a straight tapering root growing vertically downwards and forming the centre from which subsidiary rootlets spring.
10. Lateral roots: They serve to anchor the plant securely into the soil.
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